Very thoughtful composition, but atheists have free will since they have chosen atheism. Anyways, you start with Aristotle, but the Bible starts quite a ways before his thoughts, and I highly recomend reading it in a modern translation. The very first chapter in Genesis goes through the "days" of Creation and the creation of Humanity. (Mesopotamia might have been the cradle of civilization,but there were people in Asia at the very same time.) The Garden of Eden story came after that an drepresents God' particular strategy of calling out a separate person and /or people to demonstrate His precepts and purposes for all the world to see. However, the terminology of "days" is a poor translation that Western Civilization cannot grasp, because of our clocks and calendars. The Bible doesn't present the corect explanation until Psalm 90:4 and Peter's reminder, "But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day." -- 2 Peter 3:8, NIV.